Today, we will discuss the advantages of biofilms over planktonic or single bacteria. Biofilms are favored by the body, and these bacteria prefer to congregate in these groups. Much like the benefits of organisms living in communities, cooperation is vital. This cooperative nature of bacteria in biofilms allows them to thrive more effectively than when they exist as planktonic or free-floating.
|Environment Stability||Stable (Protected)||Unstable|
|Susceptibility to WBC||Low||High|
|Protection from Fluctuations||High||Low|
|Communication Mechanism||Quorum Sensing||None|
|Resistance to Antibiotics||Higher||Lower|
Bacteria not attached to a biofilm are more susceptible to being engulfed by white blood cells or being affected by chemicals produced by certain types of white cells. Biofilms provide protection from environmental changes like moisture, temperature, pH, and ultraviolet light, granting them a more stable habitat. Cell-to-cell interactions known as “quorum sensing” play a pivotal role in biofilms. Simply put, quorum sensing is the method by which bacteria communicate within groups. This communication mechanism offers them superior protection against the immune system compared to planktonic bacteria. Additionally, biofilms act as a shield against the body’s defenses. This protective shield, composed of substances like mucopolysaccharides, proteins, and DNA, ensures higher survival rates for the bacteria within these colonies. The presence of biofilms also increases tolerance to pathogens and antibiotics. As we see increasing resistance towards diseases, there’s an urgent need to find alternative solutions. In our book, Candida Crusher, we discuss how dietary and lifestyle changes, along with natural agents, can help eradicate biofilms. These natural remedies have proven effective for centuries and likely will for many more to come. This discussion sheds light on the significance of biofilms, especially concerning pathogenic bacteria, as compared to planktonic ones.
Disclaimer: While this article provides valuable information, it is essential to consult with your healthcare professional regarding your specific situation.